Tooth extraction by definition should be a pain free procedure. But, in reality, the pain is something inevitable and often present following such extractions. Therefore, it would be prudent to talk about ways of pain relief in these circumstances.
There are several factors that contribute towards the occurrence of pain in dental extractions.
The damage to the surrounding pain sensitive tissues such as gums
The stretching of the local tissues due to swelling
The pain can be more evident in surgical extractions than in simple extraction. The reason being that, in surgical extractions the surgeon makes an incision in the gums and sometimes it may need suturing as well. Apart from this, to manipulate the tooth which is lodged deep in the tissues and bones, the surgeon may have to drill the bone and the gums. Therefore, all these procedures may induce local trauma, nerve damage and thus reactive inflammatory response.
In most instances the underlying cause for the pain is the local inflammatory reaction that may last for several days.
Therefore, let us see some of the measures that can be taken in order to prevent such pain from inhibiting our day to day functions following a tooth extraction.
1. Applying pressure to settle bleeding
By placing a gauze pack on top of the extraction site and clenching the jaws for few minutes would arrest the bleeding and therefore the possible inflammatory reactions which could have followed if it persists.
2. Cold treatment
If it's possible to place something cold against the extraction site, it will arrest bleeding, hold the inflammatory process and numb the area thus relieving the associated pain. Due to practical difficulties in placing a cold object at the extraction site, a person can be given something cold to eat following the surgery and 'plain ice cream' would be good idea to compensate for the lost teeth.
3. Non Steroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs
These drugs will dissipate the inflammatory reaction and would fast track the settlement of swelling and thus the associated pain.
Pain relievers such as Acetaminophen can also be used in relieving the pain and it has shown to be relatively effective for a mild analgesic drug.
5. Rest the area
By letting the area to rest, a person can recover quickly as the wound associated with the extraction would have to be covered by a natural scab. This is truer in instances of surgical extraction than in simple extraction. Therefore, in surgical extractions, it would be prudent to keep only to liquid diets in the first day or two and gradually introduce solids starting from soft solids to harder ones.
6. Remove focus
Focusing on a different matter at hand would often make a person forget about the pain and would be an effective supplement to the rest of the treatment options for pain.