Dental Issues

Causes of Painless Lumps on Gums



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The three common conditions of a lump on the gum can be caused by an infection, injuries or canker sores.  Other conditions could be oral cancers or tumors of the teeth or jaw, but those are usually rare causes.  For women who are pregnant who can form a lump or two near their gum line can be caused by hormonal changes and are called a pyogenic granuloma or granuloma gravidarum. 

A lump on the gums is usually not a cause of alarm.  Noncancerous growths can be due to irritation and are very common.  These growths can be removed by surgery and only if the lump causes a lot of irritation over a long period of time could show that the lump may be cancerous.  In ten of the 40% of people who have these bumps will get them again because of irritant remains.  Since any lumps around the mouth could be cancer, growths should always be looked at by a doctor or a dentist without any delay.  Warts can also infect the mouth if a person sucks a finger with a wart on it or puts their saliva anywhere near a location of a wart.  Ordinary warts can removed without a problem, but genital warts, which can also be removed, tend to recur.

A bump on the gum is actually different than a lump on the gum.  A bump on the gum, called a gumboil or parulis,can be found around the teeth by the lips or cheeks, along with the roof of one’s mouth.  This infection of the gum can have some inflammation around the bump and there may be an abscess.  These are called by a tooth that had died due to decay or infection, called a non-vital tooth.  When the nerve tissue dies, the tissue causes a response where white blood cells enter the area to prevent an infection.  Also, it forms when is pressure from an abscess in the bone and the toxicity of the dead nerve tissue.   The bump is filled with pus at the base of the tooth which breaks through the skin to form the bump or boil.  When the bump pops or releases the pus, there can be a salty or bitter taste.  The gum boil may not necessarily be painful, but always does require medical attention.  If there is any pain, the person usually makes an immediate appointment with their dentist.  The treatment for parulus is an extraction of the tooth or a root canal for the tooth.

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